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The Avro Shackleton was a British long-range patrol aircraft and used by the Royal Air Force . The device was developed by Avro and derived from the Avro Lincoln bomber . This was provided with a new landing gear and named after the polar explorer Ernest Shackleton . The aircraft made its first flight in 1949.

Initially it was only used in the period 1958- 1970 for detecting and combating submarines and served during the period 1957 thru 1984 as well as a maritime patrol aircraft in the Air Force of South Africa .

Later – 1971 to 1991 – the Shackleton was adapted for AWACS taken and used as flying radar station in NATO airspace surveillance. The Shackleton was furnished with bunks, a kitchenette and a chemical toilet and could fly up to 12hr missions. This was because of its fuel-efficient Rolls-Royce Griffon piston engines. Longer he could not stay in the air because the possibility for aerial refueling lacked the device.

The Shackleton was like flying radar station as long as the RAF kept in service because of problems in the construction of its intended replacement, the AWACS version of the Hawker Siddeley Nimrod . When this version was ultimately did not agree when his replacement, finally opted for the Boeing E-3 Sentry .

In 1971 Twelve MR 2s were converted into Woodford Bitte Well as Airborne Early Warning aircraft, the first AEW.2 flew on September 30, 1971 and type in service with 8 Squadron in January 1972 1.

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